At this moment, a filmmaker who is allegedly a Coptic Christian sits in prison after an amateur video he made allegedly angered Muslims in other parts of the world. Technically, the filmmaker didn’t go to prison for the film. He was put there for alleged violation of his probation.
Had the U.S. Dept. of Justice not chosen that route, they could have opted for tax fraud, an easy route for politically driven assaults on opponents.
Could you go to jail for insulting someone's religion?